Dry skin, otherwise known as xerosis is a result of insufficient hydration on the top layer of skin. This results in a breakdown of the dermis leading to a cracked skin texture. Many causes could lead to xerosis.
DRY SKIN OR DEHYDRATED SKIN
This is one bit that many people do not quite understand. Dehydrated skin is essentially skin that needs water. Depriving the skin of water causes it to dry and scale, this then makes some think that they have dry skin. Dehydrated skin can easily be remedied by drinking water regularly. In no time, the skin regains moisture and looks healthy.
CAUSES AND CARE OF DRY SKIN
Cause – Changes in the weather, especially during cold and dry months
Care – During varying seasons, incorporating ingredients such as honey and aloevera into your skincare routine is very advisable. Using the right soap and the right moisturizer can help greatly when it comes to dry skin management, irrespective of what season it is.
Other steps to take include staying hydrated especially during the hot periods when your body loses a lot of water by sweating and this needs to be replenished.
Cause – Hot baths/showers
Care – Hot water removes the oils from the skin thus leaving it feeling dry. Using hot water instead of warm water to rinse your face will surely make your skin dry.
Cause – Lack of vitamins
Care – Vitamins are an essential plus in skincare therefore maintaining a healthy vitamin-rich diet is important to keep the skin healthy from the inside.
Cause – Soaps and cleansers.
Care – Some soaps claim to cleanse your skin but they are harsh and should not be used because they really just strip away the natural oils from the skin so you are advised to stay away from strong antibacterial soaps. Mild and natural soaps are effective in cleaning the skin. An example is the African Black soap. Also, using a gentle cleanser for your face helps get rid of the dirt and impurities while keeping the required amounts of oil locked in the skin pores.
Cause – Medications
Care – Medications for high cholesterol, high blood pressures, allergies, and acne can also make your skin dry so should be taken with caution.
LOTION OR CREAM – WHICH TO USE?
This has been a question people with dry skin ask. Some dermatologists advice dry skin owners to use creams or balms instead of lotions because lotions are lighter but really, not everyone feels comfortable putting all that heavy creams on the skin. So whether to use lotion or cream is dependent on how dry your skin is. Mildly dry skin can get away with lotions without scaling off but severely dry skin may not.
Ultimately, it all depends on you.
DRY SKINCARE HACKS
Over time, these hacks have proven to ease the dryness of the skin.
Moisturize – After a bath, do not wait for your skin to dry up before applying lotion. Instead, apply the lotion while your skin is wet. Moisturize your skin at all times.
Milk hack – Dip a washcloth or a piece of gauze in the cold milk, and apply it to your skin for 5 minutes to ease itches.
The ultimate care for dry skin is really to not take a break off moisturizing whether at day or night.
If all of these you read above still do not help, you may need to book an appointment with a dermatologist. A dermatologist is a trained medic who specializes in skin diagnosis, treatment and prevention of skin diseases including skin cancers.