Exfoliation is the removal of dead cells from the skin using exfoliants.
WHAT ARE EXFOLIANTS?
Exfoliants are cosmetic products that help to remove dead cells from the skin, leaving new cells to move to the surface of the skin. Exfoliation is a procedure that is important if the skin must remain healthy and glowing.
It can be compared to weeding a garden. If the weeds aren’t taken off, you may very likely not have the other plants grow properly because the weeds are in the way of their growth.
There are different types of exfoliants (mechanical and chemical exfoliants), many of them are naturally occurring.
They may come in the form of powdery scrubs, rough mittens, sponges, fruit enzyme extracts and chemical peels or products containing ingredients with Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) and Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHAs) etc.
What are chemical exfoliants?
A chemical skin exfoliant with ingredients like an alpha hydroxyl acid (AHA) for people with dry or a beta hydroxyl acid (BHA), can gently exfoliate the skin. This causes fewer side effects than mechanical skin exfoliants, and leaving the skin feeling smooth and healthy.
Chemical skin exfoliants contain mild acting acids. These acids aid the shedding of the outer layer of dead skin cells on the body by lowering the skin’s pH level and repairing sun damaged and dry skin.
Alpha hydroxyl acids include glycolic acid, lactic acid, malic acid and alpha-hydroxyoctanoic acid while salicylic acid is a perfect example of Beta Hydroxy Acid.
Is exfoliation done in a spa?
In a regular facial at a Spa, exfoliation is a necessary procedure that is done before any other step.
Regular exfoliation can help remove dead skin cells, help keep pores clean and improve blood circulation, which will give your skin a healthy, more youthful glow. Exfoliation also helps your skincare cosmetic penetrate better.
However if done too frequently, exfoliation may leave the skin irritated, sensitive and dry leading to flaking and uncomfortable side effects. If done correctly, exfoliation is the go-to for perfect skin in a short time.
How often should the skin be exfoliated?
This is dependent on the skin type in particular. Some skin types can cope with a once a week exfoliation procedure while others (especially very sensitive skin) would rather be exfoliated once every other month.
Therefore this is a trial and error process of determination but once it is determined, then the exfoliation routine should be followed religiously.